Medical illustration and stock art.

Illustration Portfolio

Common Disc Injuries

Common Disc Injuries

These illustrations were created for a medical device company to describe common spinal disc injuries. Intervertebral discs act as cushions between vertebrae in the spine. Degenerative disc disease is a term used to describe the changes to spinal discs as we age. When a disc bulges, it can put pressure on the spinal nerves, causing pain. In herniated discs, the jelly-like fluid within the disc leaks out due to a rupture in the annulus. This also causes pressure on the spinal nerves and pain.
Ankle Fracture

Ankle Fracture

Pilon fractures are injuries that occur at the lower end of the tibia and involve the weight bearing surface of the ankle joint. The fibula may also be broken.
Balloon Tamponade Device

Balloon Tamponade Device

Postpartum hemorrhage is consistently one of the top three causes of maternal mortality and is often the leading cause of maternal death; even in developed countries. This balloon tamponade device creates pressure on the uterine wall to help stop bleeding.
Endovascular Thrombectomy

Endovascular Thrombectomy

Endovascular thrombectomy has been shown to benefit patients with acute stroke and large-vessel occlusions. This illustration was created for a journal article tracking to what extent these technologies have taken off, and to what extent interventional cardiologists are actually using them.
Bioabsorbable Stenting Technology

Bioabsorbable Stenting Technology

Metal stents can aggravate vessels and cause stent thrombosis that prevents vessel remodeling. They can also impair future surgical interventions and impede CT or MR imaging. Bioabsorbable stent technology is an alternative to traditional metal stents. In dissolving stents the entire scaffold is gradually absorbed by the body over time.
Intramuscular Injection Sites

Intramuscular Injection Sites

An intramuscular (IM) injection is a shot of medicine given into a muscle. Certain medicines need to be given into the muscle for them to work correctly. This illustration depicts the various intramuscular injection sites including the upper arm, buttocks, hip and thigh.
Left Atrial Appendage Thrombus ©2015 Lisa A. Clark

Left Atrial Appendage Thrombus

Left atrial appendage thrombi (fibrinous clots that form in blood vessels or heart chambers) are often caused by acute atrial fibrillation.
Pharmaceutical Film Instructions for Use

Pharmaceutical Film Instructions for Use

Packaging illustrations to help patients correctly handle and use an oral pharmaceutical film.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

Journal cover illustration about transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis at intermediate or low risk for surgery. Currently, the two TAVR devices approved in the US are indicated only for patients at high risk or extreme risk/inoperable, but the literature is now showing that TAVR benefits patients intermediate or low risk for surgery.
Carotid Artery Blockage Leading to a Stroke

Carotid Artery Blockage Leading to a Stroke

The illustration was for a journal article about the endovascular options for the treatment of stroke.
Drug-coated Balloons for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Drug-coated Balloons for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

My recent journal cover art about the use of drug-coated balloons to treat occluded below-the-knee arteries.
Kiwi Vacuum Delivery System

Kiwi Vacuum Delivery System

This illustration was created for a medical device company to show proper placement of the low profile cup over the flexion point of the baby’s head.
Carotid Artery Stent Art

Carotid Artery Stenting

Carotid Artery Stenting art for a journal article discussing recent CREST-2 trial data that indicates carotid artery stenting (CAS) is not inferior to carotid endarterectomy.
Heart Failure and Heart Anatomy

Heart Failure and Heart Anatomy

More interventional techniques are being used to improve outcomes for patients with heart failure. This medical illustration was created to accompany a journal article’s cover story.
Taxol Producing Fungi in Yew Trees

Taxol Producing Fungi in Yew Trees

Yew trees have a built-in, fungal security force. My recent illustration for The Scientist magazine shows Taxol-producing fungi battling with pathogenic fungi. Taxol is used in anti-cancer drugs and harvested from yew trees.
Antimicrobial Mode of Action for Canine Ear Ointment

Antimicrobial Mode of Action for Canine Ear Ointment

Otitis externa refers to an inflammation of the dog's outer ear, which is commonly caused by bacterial or yeast infection. This illustration was created to demonstrate the mode of action for a veterinary company’s new ointment.
Catheter-Directed Atherectomy

Catheter-Directed Atherectomy

Atherectomy is a minimally invasive endovascular technique for removing plaque build-up from blood vessels in the heart and in other areas of the body.
Cardiovascular System Illustration | ©2015 Lisa A. Clark

Cardiovascular System

Cardiology journal illustration depicting the human cardiovascular system including the heart and major arteries and veins.
Rectovaginal Fistula Repair with Biologic Plug

Rectovaginal Fistula Repair with Biologic Plug

This illustration demonstrates a rectovaginal fistula repair with a biological material plug. The procedure repairs a fistula or hole between the vagina and rectum. This illustration was created for a medical device manufacturer’s marketing and educational materials.
Dual Antiplatelet Therapy

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy

Journal cover image about duration of dual antiplatelet therapy following angioplasty. Antiplatelet medicines work to keep platelets from sticking together and forming blood clots.
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) ©2015, Lisa Clark

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)/laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair (LHHR) using biologic mesh.
Drug Eluting Angioplasty ©2015 Lisa A. Clark

Drug-Coated Balloon Angioplasty for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Drug-coated balloons for the treatment of peripheral artery disease have the potential to reduce the incidence of restenosis without having to leave anything behind.
Canine Bladder Stones ©2015 Lisa A. Clark

Canine Bladder Stones

Bladder stones in dogs (urinary calculi) cause the condition urolithiasis. Stones may form anywhere in the entire urinary tract, including the bladder, ureters and kidneys.
Bone Fracture Healing ©2014, Lisa A. Clark

Bone Fracture Healing

A bidirectional growth plate on the concave side of the fracture promotes bone growth in opposing directions, generating a force that brings the bone fragments into alignment.
Dissolving stent illustration © Lisa A. Clark | www.clark-illustration.com

Dissolving Stent

The future of treating coronary artery disease may lie in bioresorbable scaffolds. This image was created for a journal article about cardiovascular stents that dissolve in the artery over time.
Tick Feeding Cycle. © Lisa A. Clark

Tick Feeding Cycle

Ticks can transmit pathogens that cause disease through the process of feeding on a host animal.
Rehydrating Bone Bioscaffold

Rehydrating Bone Bioscaffold

3D ProFuse Bioscaffold is a demineralized bone scaffold shaped to take advantage of natural cancellous bone properties.
Esophagogastric Fundoplication for Chronic Acid Reflux

Esophagogastric Fundoplication for Chronic Acid Reflux

Esophagogastric fundoplication procedure to relieve chronic acid reflux caused by gastroesophogeal valve defect.
Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA)

Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA)

Testicular sperm aspiration allows physicians to aspirate epididymal fluid directly from the patient for male fertility testing or storage.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that causes numbness, tingling and burning in the hand. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by inflammation around the nerves in the wrist.
Severe Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Severe Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Arthritis is an inflammation of joints. Osteoarthritis (OA) is divided into five stages. The highest stage, 4, is assigned to severe OA. OA that has become this advanced is likely causing significant pain and disruption to joint movement.
Eye and Orbit Illustration © Lisa A. Clark

Periocular Aesthetics

The illustration demonstrates desired position and proportion of the eye, brow and eyelid relative to the ocular orbit.
Coronary Artery Stent

Coronary Artery Stent

Stents are used to treat coronary artery disease and allow blood to flow through the artery. This image was created for a cardiology journal.
Female Pelvic Floor

Female Pelvic Floor

The pelvic floor is made of several muscle layers that form a bowl shape within the pelvis. This image illustrates a side view of the uterus, bladder, rectum and pelvic floor muscles.
Feline Olfactory System

Feline Olfactory System

This is a still from a recent animation project on the feline olfactory system and appetite.
Carotid Stenosis

Carotid Stenosis

Carotid stenosis is a condition in which the carotid arteries become narrowed or blocked. This image was used for a medical journal cover.
Hiatal Hernia Graft

Hiatal Hernia Graft

This illustration depicts a hernia repair with a graft. In a hiatal hernia the stomach bulges up into the chest
Osteoarthritis of the Hip

Osteoarthritis of the Hip

Osteoarthritis occurs when inflammation and injury to a joint cause cartilage tissue to break down. The breakdown of cartilage causes pain, inflammation, and deformity.
Frill Neck Lizard © Lisa A. Clark

Frill Neck Lizard

Chlamydosaurus has a frill of folded skin that normally lies around the back of the head that is erected when the lizard is threatened. These bipedal lizards can run very quickly and sometimes appear to be walking on water.
Apophyseal Avulsion Fractures of the Hip and Pelvis

Apophyseal Avulsion Fractures of the Hip and Pelvis

Apophyseal avulsion fractures of the hip and pelvis are injuries that usually occur in the adolescent athlete. This illustration was used for a medical journal cover.
Femoral Tunnel Drilling for ACL Reconstruction

Femoral Tunnel Drilling for ACL Reconstruction

A femoral tunnel was created to aid with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This image was created for an orthopedic journal cover.
Skin Cross Section

Skin Cross Section

Skin is made up of two layers that cover a third fatty layer. This illustration includes the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. It includes nerves, sweat glands, oil glands, and hair follicles. The image was used in patient education materials.
Amniotic Membrane Perforator illustration

Amniotic Membrane Perforator

Amnion perforators are used to puncture the amniotic sac (amniotomy) during labor. This illustration was used for a medical device manufacturer’s marketing materials.
Sacral Nerve Plexus

Sacral Nerve Plexus

Illustration of lumbo-sacral nerve plexus, pelvis, iliac arteries, femoral arteries and lumbar spine.
Teeth Whitening Strips

Teeth Whitening Strips

Teeth whitening strips are a popular home remedy for fixing stained or discolored teeth. This image was created as a marketing piece for a dental product manufacturer.
Rotator Cuff Tear

Rotator Cuff Tear

A rotator cuff tear is a tear in one of the tendons of the four rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder. This illustration was used as a journal cover illustration demonstrating the repair of a u-shaped rotator cuff tear.
Dental Caries (Cavities)

Dental Caries (Cavities)

Buccal (frontal) view of molar with dental decay.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions.
Hip Replacement Failure

Hip Replacement Failure

Dislocation is an uncommon, but potential complication to hip replacement surgery. This illustration demonstrates the failure of a metal on metal hip implant.
Mastopexy with Biological Graft

Mastopexy with Biological Graft

This image was used to demonstrate the placement of a new biological graft used in comprehensive breast reconstruction and revision procedures, including mastopexy or "breast lift".
Healthy Teeth

Healthy Teeth

Frontal view of health adult teeth and gums.
Necrotizing Fasciitis

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), commonly known as flesh-eating disease or Flesh-eating bacteria syndrome, is a rare infection of the deeper layers of skin and subcutaneous tissues, easily spreading across the fascial plane within the subcutaneous tissue.
Superficial Femoral Artery Disease

Superficial Femoral Artery Disease

Journal cover illustration about the difficulties and options for the treatment of superficial femoral artery disease (SFA).
Esophageal Stricture

Esophageal Stricture

Esophageal stricture is a narrowing of the esophagus that causes swallowing difficulties. This image was used for medical device marketing materials.
Long Bone Anatomy

Long Bone Anatomy

Long bones consists of a layer of connective tissue called the periosteum, an outer shell of compact bone with a deeper layer of cancellous bone (spongy bone) which contains red bone marrow.
Cervical Ripening Balloon

Cervical Ripening Balloon

The cervical ripening balloon is used for mechanical dilation of the cervical canal prior to labor induction at term when the cervix is unfavorable for induction.
Hybrid Coronary Revascularization

Hybrid Coronary Revascularization

Hybrid Coronary Revascularization procedure consisting of a minimally invasive left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending (LAD) graft, along with PCI of the circumflex artery.
Percutaneous Heart Failure

Percutaneous Heart Failure

This illustration was created for a journal cover about the increasing incidence and treatment options for percutaneous heart failure.
Radial Fracture Plate

Radial Fracture Plate

A distal radius fracture is surgically repaired with a plate.
Recurrent Hip Instability Illustration

Recurrent Hip Instability

This piece was created for an orthopedic journal cover. The feature story was Bipolar Reconstruction for Recurrent Instability of the Hip.
Lumbar Spinal Implant

Lumbar Spinal Implant

Spinal fusion is the most widely performed surgery for scoliosis. This illustration was intended to demonstrate a spinal fixation device for correction of posterior spine defects.
Stent Balloon Removal Issues

Stent Balloon Removal Issues

This illustration was used to show the issues that can occur when the stent delivery balloon is removed during angioplasty.
Spinal Stenosis Device

Spinal Stenosis Device

Pedicle osteotomy device system to help correct spinal stenosis.
Radial Artery Access for Cardiac Catheterization

Radial Artery Access for Cardiac Catheterization

This image was used for an interventional cardiology journal cover article on radial artery access for diagnostic coronary angiography and PCI.
Skull Base Repair with Biological Graft

Skull Base Repair with Biological Graft

A biological graft is used to repair skull base surgery defects.
Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

ICSI involves injecting a single sperm directly into an egg in order to fertilize it. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then transferred to the woman’s uterus.
Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes

Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes

This illustration was used as the journal cover art for an article on healthy athletes with a history of shoulder instability.
Buccal or Facial View (Adult Teeth)

Buccal or Facial View (Adult Teeth)

Buccal or facial view of the adult (permanent) teeth.
Occlusal View (Adult Teeth)

Occlusal View (Adult Teeth)

Occlusal View of the adult (permanent) teeth.
Occlusal View (Adult Teeth)

Occlusal View (Adult Teeth)

Occlusal view of the adult (permanent) teeth.
Lingual View (Adult Teeth)

Lingual View (Adult Teeth)

Lingual view of adult (permanent) teeth.