FFR and iFR used to Evaluate Coronary Stenosis
FFR and iFR are both indices that use the concept of flow reserve to evaluate the severity of a coronary stenosis.
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a collection of specific cells and proteins that control the movement of molecules from the blood to the central nervous system (CNS).
Cardiogenic shock occurs when the heart can't pump enough blood to the body. Cardiogenic shock is the leading cause of death in acute myocardial infarction. Symptoms of cardiogenic shock include rapid breathing and heartbeat (tachycardia), mental confusion, sweating, weak pulse and poor tissue perfusion.
Endovascular thrombectomy has been shown to benefit patients with acute stroke and large-vessel occlusions. This illustration was created for a journal article tracking to what extent these technologies have taken off, and to what extent interventional cardiologists are actually using them.
Bioabsorbable Stenting Technology
Metal stents can aggravate vessels and cause stent thrombosis that prevents vessel remodeling. They can also impair future surgical interventions and impede CT or MR imaging. Bioabsorbable stent technology is an alternative to traditional metal stents. In dissolving stents the entire scaffold is gradually absorbed by the body over time.
Left Atrial Appendage Thrombus
Left atrial appendage thrombi (fibrinous clots that form in blood vessels or heart chambers) are often caused by acute atrial fibrillation.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)
Journal cover illustration about transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis at intermediate or low risk for surgery. Currently, the two TAVR devices approved in the US are indicated only for patients at high risk or extreme risk/inoperable, but the literature is now showing that TAVR benefits patients intermediate or low risk for surgery.
Carotid Artery Blockage Leading to a Stroke
The illustration was for a journal article about the endovascular options for the treatment of stroke.
Drug-coated Balloons for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
My recent journal cover art about the use of drug-coated balloons to treat occluded below-the-knee arteries.
Carotid Artery Stenting
Carotid Artery Stenting art for a journal article discussing recent CREST-2 trial data that indicates carotid artery stenting (CAS) is not inferior to carotid endarterectomy.
Heart Failure and Heart Anatomy
More interventional techniques are being used to improve outcomes for patients with heart failure. This medical illustration was created to accompany a journal article’s cover story.
Atherectomy is a minimally invasive endovascular technique for removing plaque build-up from blood vessels in the heart and in other areas of the body.
Cardiology journal illustration depicting the human cardiovascular system including the heart and major arteries and veins.
Dual Antiplatelet Therapy
Journal cover image about duration of dual antiplatelet therapy following angioplasty. Antiplatelet medicines work to keep platelets from sticking together and forming blood clots.
Drug-Coated Balloon Angioplasty for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
Drug-coated balloons for the treatment of peripheral artery disease have the potential to reduce the incidence of restenosis without having to leave anything behind.
The future of treating coronary artery disease may lie in bioresorbable scaffolds. This image was created for a journal article about cardiovascular stents that dissolve in the artery over time.
Coronary Artery Stent
Stents are used to treat coronary artery disease and allow blood to flow through the artery. This image was created for a cardiology journal.
Carotid stenosis is a condition in which the carotid arteries become narrowed or blocked. This image was used for a medical journal cover.
Sacral Nerve Plexus
Illustration of lumbo-sacral nerve plexus, pelvis, iliac arteries, femoral arteries and lumbar spine.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions.
Superficial Femoral Artery Disease
Journal cover illustration about the difficulties and options for the treatment of superficial femoral artery disease (SFA).
Hybrid Coronary Revascularization
Hybrid Coronary Revascularization procedure consisting of a minimally invasive left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending (LAD) graft, along with PCI of the circumflex artery.
Percutaneous Heart Failure
This illustration was created for a journal cover about the increasing incidence and treatment options for percutaneous heart failure.
Stent Balloon Removal Issues
This illustration was used to show the issues that can occur when the stent delivery balloon is removed during angioplasty.
Radial Artery Access for Cardiac Catheterization
This image was used for an interventional cardiology journal cover article on radial artery access for diagnostic coronary angiography and PCI.