Illustration for a poster about spinal conditions and diseases, including compression fractures, ligamentum flavum hypertrophy, foraminal stenosis (pinched nerves), spondylosis (facet arthritis), degenerative disc disease, spondylolysis (pars interarticularis fracture), isthmic spondylolisthesis, and a herniated nucleus pulposus.
Common Disc Injuries
These illustrations were created for a medical device company to describe common spinal disc injuries. Intervertebral discs act as cushions between vertebrae in the spine. Degenerative disc disease is a term used to describe the changes to spinal discs as we age. When a disc bulges, it can put pressure on the spinal nerves, causing pain. In herniated discs, the jelly-like fluid within the disc leaks out due to a rupture in the annulus. This also causes pressure on the spinal nerves and pain.
Pilon fractures are injuries that occur at the lower end of the tibia and involve the weight bearing surface of the ankle joint. The fibula may also be broken.
Bone Fracture Healing
A bidirectional growth plate on the concave side of the fracture promotes bone growth in opposing directions, generating a force that brings the bone fragments into alignment.
Rehydrating Bone Bioscaffold
3D ProFuse Bioscaffold is a demineralized bone scaffold shaped to take advantage of natural cancellous bone properties.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that causes numbness, tingling and burning in the hand. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by inflammation around the nerves in the wrist.
Severe Osteoarthritis of the Knee
Arthritis is an inflammation of joints. Osteoarthritis (OA) is divided into five stages. The highest stage, 4, is assigned to severe OA. OA that has become this advanced is likely causing significant pain and disruption to joint movement.
Osteoarthritis of the Hip
Osteoarthritis occurs when inflammation and injury to a joint cause cartilage tissue to break down. The breakdown of cartilage causes pain, inflammation, and deformity.
Apophyseal Avulsion Fractures of the Hip and Pelvis
Apophyseal avulsion fractures of the hip and pelvis are injuries that usually occur in the adolescent athlete. This illustration was used for a medical journal cover.
Femoral Tunnel Drilling for ACL Reconstruction
A femoral tunnel was created to aid with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This image was created for an orthopedic journal cover.
Sacral Nerve Plexus
Illustration of lumbo-sacral nerve plexus, pelvis, iliac arteries, femoral arteries and lumbar spine.
Rotator Cuff Tear
A rotator cuff tear is a tear in one of the tendons of the four rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder. This illustration was used as a journal cover illustration demonstrating the repair of a u-shaped rotator cuff tear.
Hip Replacement Failure
Dislocation is an uncommon, but potential complication to hip replacement surgery. This illustration demonstrates the failure of a metal on metal hip implant.
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), commonly known as flesh-eating disease or Flesh-eating bacteria syndrome, is a rare infection of the deeper layers of skin and subcutaneous tissues, easily spreading across the fascial plane within the subcutaneous tissue.
Long Bone Anatomy
Long bones consists of a layer of connective tissue called the periosteum, an outer shell of compact bone with a deeper layer of cancellous bone (spongy bone) which contains red bone marrow.
Radial Fracture Plate
A distal radius fracture is surgically repaired with a plate.
Recurrent Hip Instability
This piece was created for an orthopedic journal cover. The feature story was Bipolar Reconstruction for Recurrent Instability of the Hip.
Lumbar Spinal Implant
Spinal fusion is the most widely performed surgery for scoliosis. This illustration was intended to demonstrate a spinal fixation device for correction of posterior spine defects.
Spinal Stenosis Device
Pedicle osteotomy device system to help correct spinal stenosis.
Shoulder Instability in Young Athletes
This illustration was used as the journal cover art for an article on healthy athletes with a history of shoulder instability.